Understanding the Nature of the Human Microbial Diseases
The word “virus” is derived from the Greek word virusos, meaning infection. Infectious viruses are a group of protein particles that multiply and infect other cells. Viruses are extremely important for our bodies; without it life on Earth would not be possible. The viral load is a measurement of how many pathogens there are in the human body at any given time. They usually jump from one type of virus to another when newly infected.
Because viruses need living hosts to multiply, there are millions of viruses floating around in our environment. Because of this, we can contract them through contact with an infected object, animal or person. While all viruses are dangerous, some are particularly dangerous to humans, such as herpes, hepatitis and even HIV. Viruses depend on other cells of the body to survive and replicate, as they can only capture or steal energy from their host cell itself.
Viruses are usually classified by their type and structure. They are grouped into two major categories: arboviruses and envelopes. The envelope virus has both proteins and DNA in its membrane. The protein envelope protein contains sugars for making copies of themselves ( replication ) and provides protection for the DNA from destruction. The DNA is carried on a genetic message RNA, or mRNA, from the source of the viral infection to the target cell.
The herpes simplex virus is the most common type of virus, affecting millions of people around the world. They are transmitted via close, physical contact of the skin to an open sore. People who have no immunity to the virus are prone to getting it. There is no treatment, but there is a way to limit the spread of the virus. suppressors are placed on the skin, killing off the viruses that are already inside the cells.
Envelope viruses are passed into the body of an infected individual through direct contact with an open sore. To prevent this, use an anti-viral cream to put on the skin and mucous membranes on your hands and in your eyes. Other types of viruses are not easily killed by the body’s natural defenses. A doctor may have to use a strong medication to attempt to destroy a virus that is inside a living cell.
Most viruses live inside the cell for a brief time and then replicate and dies off. However, certain viruses have the ability to change their genetic makeup and continue to cause problems. These types of viruses are called genetic replicators. The best way to stop them is to prevent transmission of the virus by washing hands thoroughly and using a variety of personal care products.